Cleft Surgery’s Role in Nutrition

Three-month-old Alham (left) shortly before her Smile Train surgery and five-month-old Alham two months after. Alham's story highlights the need for cleft surgery in order to obtain proper nutrition.

Three-month-old Alham (left) shortly before her Smile Train surgery and five-month-old Alham two months after. Alham’s story highlights the need for cleft surgery in order to obtain proper nutrition.

Tanga, TanzaniaIn honor of National Nutrition Month, Smile Train shares a story from Tanzania highlighting the role that timely cleft surgery plays in preventing malnutrition.

When Ahlam was born in rural Tanzania with a cleft lip and palate, her mother Salha, like so many mothers of Smile Train patients, did not know about the common birth defect. Salha’s first two children had been born without incident and perfectly healthy.

Salha and her five-month-old daughter Ahlam pose three months after Ahlam's cleft surgery. Ahlam's health and appearance have vastly improved thanks to her cleft surgery that has allowed her to eat properly.

Salha and her five-month-old daughter Ahlam pose three months after Ahlam’s cleft surgery. Ahlam’s health and appearance have vastly improved thanks to her cleft surgery that has allowed her to eat properly.

Luckily, shortly after Ahlam’s birth, the family was told about Smile Train and that the organization provided free care for thousands of children like Ahlam. The newborn girl would have to wait until she was three months old for surgery though.

During that time life for Salha was difficult. She had no problem feeding her other children, but Ahlam was different because of her cleft. Milk came out of Ahlam’s mouth and nose because she could not suck like a normal infant. With a large gap in her lip and at the roof of her mouth, feeding Ahlam was almost impossible.

Although surgery was a short time away, Salha worried her daughter would not make it. She was not steadily gaining weight and was becoming sick. Despite this, Ahlam’s surgery day came and weighed just enough to go through with surgery.Now at five months old, only two months after her cleft lip surgery, Ahlam’s appearance and health bear no resemblance to the baby girl who entered the hospital for cleft surgery. Not only does she have a new smile, but she has the chubby cheeks of other children her age. The difference is remarkable.

In four months Ahlam will undergo another surgery to correct her cleft palate, which should help her nutrition further as food can still escape through the roof of her mouth. Salha is also looking forward to her daughter’s next surgery and feels this will improve her health even more.

Salha is very grateful for the Smile Train surgery and is happy that her child will have a normal and healthy life.

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To help mothers like Salha, Smile Train developed the following resource video demonstrating the best feeding methods for a child with cleft.

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